After Cardinal Bellarmine had examined the Carmelite traditions in 1609, it was declared the patronal feast of the order, and is now celebrated in the Carmelite calendar as a major double of the first class with a vigil and a privileged octave (like the octave of Epiphany, admitting only a double of the first class) under the title "Commemoratio solemnis B.V.M. de MonteCarmelo". By a privilege given by Clement X in 1672, some Carmelite monasteries keep the feast on the Sunday after 16 July, or on some other Sunday in July. In the seventeenth century the feast was adopted by several dioceses in the south of
although its celebration, outside of Carmelite churches, was prohibited in
1628 by a decree contra abusus.
21 Nov., 1674, however, it was first granted by Clement X to Spain and
its colonies, in 1675 to Austria,
in 1679 to Portugal and
its colonies, and in 1725 to the Papal States of
the Church, on 24 Sept., 1726,
it was extended to the entire Latin Church by Benedict XIII. The
lessons contain the legend of the scapular; the promise of the Sabbatine
privilege was inserted into the lessons by Paul V about 1614.
The Greeks of southern Italy and
the Catholic Chaldeans have adopted this feast of
the "Vestment of the Blessed Virgin Mary". The object of the feast is
the special predilection of Mary for those who profess themselves her
servants by wearing her scapular.